Madeira Islands

Madeira Islands

Madeira belongs to the Macaronesian group of islands. It is a volcanic archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, located about 400 miles off the west coast of Africa, north of the Canary Islands.

It is an autonomous region of Portugal and consists of the main island of Madeira (where the capital city of Funchal is located), the island of Porto Santo, three protected islands that are part of a group called Illas Desertas and are uninhabited, and several other tiny islets. The islands of the Selvagens Archipelago are also part of this autonomy.

The archipelago of Madeira was discovered by the Portuguese navigator João Gonçalves Zarco in the early fifteenth century. When his crew landed on the shores of the main island, they were greeted by impenetrable subtropical forests. Thus the name “Madeira,” which means “wood” in Portuguese, came into being. At first the Portuguese tried to cut down the forest to clear the passages, but then they decided to simply burn it to make way for agriculture. The wood ash combined with the volcanic soil had a fertile effect, and sugar cane and other exotic crops began to be grown in the area. To irrigate their plantations, the colonists built special irrigation canals descending from the mountains – Levadas.
Today, in the south of the island there is little left of the former greatness of the Monteverde forests, and the forests of the northern slopes of Madeira has been recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The islands of the Madeira archipelago have a mountainous landscape and the climate is subtropical, very pleasant, varying slightly depending on the location of the particular island. The Gulf Streamworks to maintain the mildest weather conditions here. The air temperature during the year ranges from +16C to +25C, with water temperatures of +23C in summer and +20C in winter, although it can sometimes drop to +17C.

Despite its volcanic origin, there are no active volcanoes. But here you can see the beaches with volcanic sand, lakes, formed in the extinct craters thousands of years ago, and walk through the lava tubes (formed under the frozen lava cave tunnels).

Madeira is famous all over the world for its local fortified wine Madera and stunning New Year’s Eve fireworks, which were even listed in the Guinness Book of Records.

You can reach the archipelago by flying into Madeira International Airport, one of the largest in Europe. It was known as Funchal or Santa Catarina airport, and in 2016 it was named after Cristiano Ronaldo.

Do not forget that you need a Schengen visa to visit Madeira.

Madeira Islands is a part of Macaronesia.
The Islands of Macaronesia belong to three states – Spain, Portugal and Cape Verde. belong to three states – Spain, Portugal and Cape Verde. The islands of Macaronesia are of volcanic origin and belong to 5 main archipelagos:

Madeira Islands wind and weather forecast



What is Madeira?

Madeira belongs to the Macaronesian group of islands. It is a volcanic archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, located about 400 miles off the west coast of Africa, north of the Canary Islands. It is an autonomous region of Portugal and consists of the main island of Madeira (where the capital city of Funchal is located), the island of Porto Santo, three protected islands that are part of a group called Illas Desertas and are uninhabited, and several other tiny islets. The islands of the Selvagens Archipelago are also part of this autonomy.

What is the weather at Madeira Islands?

The climate of Madeira Islands is subtropical, very pleasant, varying slightly depending on the location of the particular island. The Gulf Streamworks to maintain the mildest weather conditions here. The air temperature during the year ranges from +16C to +25C, with water temperatures of +23C in summer and +20C in winter, although it can sometimes drop to +17C..

What are Levadas in Madeira?

Levadas - special irrigation canals descending from the mountains. Were build by colonists to irrigate their plantations.

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Madeira Islands

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