The Mediterranean is one of the world's most popular yachting destinations.
The Mediterranean Sea connects Europe, Asia and Africa, and is rightly considered the cradle of the birth of great civilizations.
The length of the Mediterranean coastline is about 46,000 kilometers, its waters washed the shores of more than 20 countries.
The indented coastline, the abundance of islands, bays and gulfs, the variety of cultures, languages and traditions, the variety of attractions, combined with a mild climate
make the Mediterranean a truly unique yachting region.
In the Mediterranean basin the inland seas are:
Adriatic, Alboran, Balearic, Ionian, Cypress, Crete, Levantine, Libyan, Ligurian, Tyrrhenian and Aegean.
The largest Mediterranean islands are Sicily, Sardinia, Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, the Balearic Islands, and Euboea.
The climate of the Mediterranean Sea is determined by its location in the subtropical belt, and at the same time is so specific that it stands alone in the Mediterranean type of climate.
It is characterized by mild winters and hot dry summers.
In winter, over the sea is formed zone of low atmospheric pressure, which leads to unstable weather, frequent storms and heavy rainfall.
Winds in the Mediterranean Sea.
Local winds typical of winter are the bora in the eastern Adriatic Sea and the mistral in the Gulf of Lyon area.
In summer, an anticyclone covers much of the Mediterranean Sea, resulting in clear weather with little cloud cover and little precipitation. The southerly sirocco wind, typical of the summer, brings dry fogs and dusty haze from Africa. In the eastern basin, persistent northerly winds – etesias. A clear seasonal change of wind directions is observed only along the southern shores of the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, where predominantly westerly winds blow in winter and easterly winds in summer. In most parts of the sea, northwesterly winds prevail all year round, and in the Aegean Sea, northerly and northeasterly winds prevail. Sometimes, though not often, tropical cyclones form in the Mediterranean Sea, usually in September and November.
Wheather in the Mediterranean Sea.
The average air temperature in January varies from 14-16 ° C in the south shores to 7-10 ° C in the north, in August – from 22-24 ° C in the north to 25-30 ° C in the southern regions of the sea.
In summer, the surface temperature rises from 19-21 ° C in the north-western part of the sea to 27 ° and even higher in the Levantine Sea. Such pattern of temperature is due to increasing continental climate with distance from the Atlantic Ocean.
The Mediterranean is characterized by mirages (Fata morgana), most often observed in the Strait of Messina.
Because the Mediterranean Sea is cut off from the Atlantic Ocean by the narrow Strait of Gibraltar, the tides are virtually non-existent.
Seasonal changes in sea level are insignificant, their average annual value for the whole sea is about 10 cm, with a minimum in January and a maximum in November.
Tides in the Mediterranean Sea are predominantly semidiurnal and irregular semidiurnal, only in some parts of the northeastern Adriatic Sea coast there are daily tides. In the area of the Strait of Gibraltar the water level can vary by 80 cm, and in the Gulf of Gabes, off the eastern coast of Tunisia, the water rises as much as 2.5 m – and twice a day.